Coimbatore Society & Culture



Information on society and culture of Coimbatore

The varied demographic structure of Coimbatore city favors a multi-cultural social setup. The city is a traditional one with people still preferring to retain their roots by maintaining their association with their native villages.

As the suburbs of the city are found to retain its rural fervor, it does not take much effort to keep the tradition of following the traditional practices and culture. Courtesy, hospitality and honesty are readily associated with the local residents of this city.

The cultural inclination predominantly borders on the religious tone as Coimbatore has numerous temples. This brings in a large number of religious devotees and traditional rituals form the traditional practices of the people. This aspect simultaneously leads to the fact that people develop a natural inclination to abide by the religious strictures of modesty and hospitality. If you take a look at the major temples of Coimbatore, you will come across the Perur Temple, Konniamman Temple and the Dhyanalinga Yogic Temple.

Then, there are a lot of Amman Temples strewn across the entire city. The Mariamman festivals are celebrated with great pomp and grandeur in these temples which gives a unique feel to the entire city. This is considered to be a major event during the summers. The famous temple of Tirupati has two replicas, one at Valparai and the other is located near Mattupalayam. At a distance of nine kilometers from the city, you will come across a temple of ISKCON dedicated to Lord Krishna. Murugan is a place just near to Coimbatore. Marudamalai is a very famous shrine in Murugan.

Being a land of so many temples, a lot of devotes and religious saints are found to prefer living in this city. A good number of Siddhars and Rishis coming from different parts of India are found to enjoy their stay in peace in this city of Coimbatore. These are people who are not only devout religious practitioners but also experts in medicine, like the traditional Ayurveda. Others are found to be experts in alchemy and astrology. The most notable amongst them is considered to be Pambatti Siddhar. He is believed to have been the resident of Marudamalai. He has a lot of research under his name and till date, these are recited during religious occasions with great respect and piety. These have become part of the legends and folklores. Therefore, these can be considered as important factors that define the cultural composition of Coimbatore.

It has been discussed under the section of History of Coimbatore, that the Mysore rulers had ruled the region for a considerable period of time. From the time when Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan came to power, we can find a lot of Muslim influences in the culture of the region. The major mosques in the city like the ones located on Oppanakara Street and Big Bazaar Street were constructed during the period of Hyder Ali.

The city also houses some of the famous Christian Missions that were built way back in 1647. It was during the period when the Nayaks ruled the region. These missions were built after obtaining special permission from the Nayak rulers. The first church is believed to have been set up in Karumathampatti which is just twelve kilometers away from Coimbatore. During the reign of Tipu Sultan, this church was ravaged by his army and was again rebuilt in 1804. Following the bifurcation with Pondicherry, Coimbatore was constituted as a Diocese. This naturally affected the Christian population and their culture.

There are a good number of Sikhs and Jains in this city. So, there are a lot of Sikh Gurudwaras and Jain Temples in Coimbatore. When people from so many culture, castes and religion happen to reside at one place, cultural diversity is a natural phenomenon. The city can also boast of a lot of religious harmony. There are many places in the city like Kottaimedu, where you will find the Hindus and Muslims residing together with a great feel of social togetherness. Coimbatore is considered to be fairly tolerant.