Information on Demographics of Coimbatore
According to the 2001 census, the population of Coimbatore was 930,882. According to some recent surveys, the present population of the city is close to 1.5 millions.
52% of the population is male, while women constitute 48% of the population. The average literacy rate is 78% and this is considerably higher than the national average of 59.5% (according to the 2001 census).
The male literacy rate is 81%, while the female literacy rate is 74%. 11% of the population is below six years old in Coimbatore.
Kongu Tamil is an ancient dialect that is mainly spoken in Coimbatore. This dialect has a flavor of the Tamil language that is specifically spoken in the Kongu region. Hindus constitute a major part of the population and there are a large number of Christians and Muslims too. Sikhs and Jains also form some small pockets in this Coimbatore city.
The majority of the population of the city comprises of the Kongu Vellalar Gounder. A considerable part also happens to the Nayakars or the Naidus and the Chettiars. They had migrated and settled in Coimbatore during the rule of the Vijaynagar Empire.
As you remember, Palakkad had once been a part of Kongu Nadu and since then, a large number of people from Kerala came over to the city along with a lot of north Indians like the Marwaris and Jains. The latter two are observed to be mostly engaged in trade and commerce.
Today, Coimbatore is house to a lot of people from the north-eastern states of India as well. It is mostly for career and studies that people from Nagaland and Manipur have settled in Coimbatore.